Common Terms

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Common Iris Terms used

TB Iris:

Tall bearded iris

Standards:

The three upright petals of the iris flower.

Falls:

The three lower petals of the iris flower that may either hang down or flare out.

Beard:

The fuzzy ‘caterpillar’ from which bearded iris get their name. They are found at the base of the falls, tucked in towards the center of the flower. They are also found on the inside of the standards of some species of aril irises.

Haft:

The hafts are the base of the falls and standards where they begin narrow near the center of the flower. In older cultivars and some species the hafts of the falls are often marked with veins and lines. Flowers so marked are sometimes referred to as being "hafty" and it is often considered a fault unless it pleasantly adds to the distinctiveness of the flower.

Space Age Iris:

These irises have horns, spoons or flounces extending out from the end of the beard

Horned:

Horned iris have petal extrusions below the beard that curve up and away from the fall to form a pointed horn.

Spoons:

Spoons are long stringy filaments that extend out from below the end of the beard and are tipped by small, cupped petaloids.

Flounces:

Iris with flounces have multi-petaled fan shaped appendages without beards that arise from the center of the fall.

Amoena:

White, or tinted white standards, colored falls.

Bicolor:

Standards have a different color than the Falls.

Bitone:

two tones of the same color, the Standards having a different tone of the Falls’ color.

Blend:

A mixed shading of two or more colors that occurs on the Standards, Falls, or both.

Fluting:

Gentle dips and rises along the petal edges.

Glaciata:

A pale color from plicata breeding- no plicata marking.

Halo:

A rim of color around the petals.

Lace:

Lightly laced petals have serrated edges; heavy lace gives a crinkled, serrated effect.

Luminata:

Pale yellow or near white style arms with pale white or yellow veining on falls and a clear, unmarked area around the beards.

Neglecta:

Blue standards with darker blue falls.

Peppering:

A contrasting color dotted or sprayed over an iris with a yellow or white background color; generally found on plicatas.

Plicata:

(also plic): Stitched, stippled or banded color in contrast to the base color. Might also show peppering.

Reverse Amoena:

Dark standards and white or pale tinted falls.

Ruffles:

Vigorous or tight waving of the iris petal edges.

Self:

Referent to an iris with all petals having the same color.

Stippled:

Dotted, peppered or dashed.

Stitching:

A dash-mark style pattern running in the same direction as the veins of the falls and/or standards. Often forms a visible rim around the petals.

Substance:

The thickness of the petals.

Texture:

The finish or sheen of the petals.

Variegata:

yellow or near yellow standards with red or brown fall color or veining.

Wire-edge:

A minute rim of color around the edges of the petals.

Iris4u Catalog

Common Iris Terms used TB Iris: Tall bearded iris Standards: The three upright petals of the iris flower. Falls: The three lower petals of the iris flower that... read more »
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Common Terms

icon-einfuehrung

Common Iris Terms used

TB Iris:

Tall bearded iris

Standards:

The three upright petals of the iris flower.

Falls:

The three lower petals of the iris flower that may either hang down or flare out.

Beard:

The fuzzy ‘caterpillar’ from which bearded iris get their name. They are found at the base of the falls, tucked in towards the center of the flower. They are also found on the inside of the standards of some species of aril irises.

Haft:

The hafts are the base of the falls and standards where they begin narrow near the center of the flower. In older cultivars and some species the hafts of the falls are often marked with veins and lines. Flowers so marked are sometimes referred to as being "hafty" and it is often considered a fault unless it pleasantly adds to the distinctiveness of the flower.

Space Age Iris:

These irises have horns, spoons or flounces extending out from the end of the beard

Horned:

Horned iris have petal extrusions below the beard that curve up and away from the fall to form a pointed horn.

Spoons:

Spoons are long stringy filaments that extend out from below the end of the beard and are tipped by small, cupped petaloids.

Flounces:

Iris with flounces have multi-petaled fan shaped appendages without beards that arise from the center of the fall.

Amoena:

White, or tinted white standards, colored falls.

Bicolor:

Standards have a different color than the Falls.

Bitone:

two tones of the same color, the Standards having a different tone of the Falls’ color.

Blend:

A mixed shading of two or more colors that occurs on the Standards, Falls, or both.

Fluting:

Gentle dips and rises along the petal edges.

Glaciata:

A pale color from plicata breeding- no plicata marking.

Halo:

A rim of color around the petals.

Lace:

Lightly laced petals have serrated edges; heavy lace gives a crinkled, serrated effect.

Luminata:

Pale yellow or near white style arms with pale white or yellow veining on falls and a clear, unmarked area around the beards.

Neglecta:

Blue standards with darker blue falls.

Peppering:

A contrasting color dotted or sprayed over an iris with a yellow or white background color; generally found on plicatas.

Plicata:

(also plic): Stitched, stippled or banded color in contrast to the base color. Might also show peppering.

Reverse Amoena:

Dark standards and white or pale tinted falls.

Ruffles:

Vigorous or tight waving of the iris petal edges.

Self:

Referent to an iris with all petals having the same color.

Stippled:

Dotted, peppered or dashed.

Stitching:

A dash-mark style pattern running in the same direction as the veins of the falls and/or standards. Often forms a visible rim around the petals.

Substance:

The thickness of the petals.

Texture:

The finish or sheen of the petals.

Variegata:

yellow or near yellow standards with red or brown fall color or veining.

Wire-edge:

A minute rim of color around the edges of the petals.

Iris4u Catalog

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